Promulgated in the French National Assembly, the 5 April 2019
The tree is a fixed living being that, in comparable proportions, occupies two different environments, the atmosphere and the ground. On the ground it develop roots, that capture water and minerals. In the atmosphere the cup grows, that captures carbon dioxide and solar energy. Due to this situation, the tree plays a fundamental role in the ecological balance of the planet.
The tree, which is a living being sensitive to changes in its environment, must be respected as such, cannot be reduced to a simple object. You have the right to the airspace and underground space you need to fully grow and reach your adult dimensions. In these conditions, the tree has the right to respect for its physical integrity, aerial (remaining, trunk, foliage) and underground (root network). Disruption of these organs severely weakens it, as well as the use of pesticides and other toxic substances.
The tree is a living organism whose average longevity far exceeds that of human. Must be respected throughout his life, with the right to develop and reproduce freely, from birth until natural death, be it a tree of the cities or of the countryside. The tree should be considered as a subject of law, including the rules governing the human property.
Some trees, considered remarkable by beings humans for their age, appearance or history, deserve extra attention. To the become common biocultural heritage, gain access to status superior that commits human beings to protect them as “monuments natural”. They can be registered in a zone of preservation of the landscape heritage, thus benefiting from greater protection and improvement for aesthetic reasons, historical or cultural.
Some trees are planted and exploited to meet the needs of humans, necessarily escaping the criteria mentioned above. But nevertheless, the way forest or rural trees are harvested should take into account the life cycle of the trees, natural renewal capabilities, ecological balances and biodiversity.
The objective of this text is to change the perception and behavior of human beings, to make them aware of the crucial role of trees in everyday life and in the future, paving the way for rapid change in legislation at the national level.
Translation from French and photographs by Dokushô Villalba.